Los Casares cave
This exceptional cave located in the Upper Tagus basin (Guadalajara) (Spain) hosts one of the youngest Middle Palaeolithic occupation of Neandertals in inland Iberia. It also host an impressive assemblage of Upper Palaeolithic rock engravings and paintings, including an interesting group of anthropomorphic figures and felines.
Peña Capón rock shelter
The Peña Capón rock shelter has shown a key sequence of human occupations starting at least at the beginning of the MIS 2, including Solutrean, Proto-Solutrean and Gravettian assemblages. This site has thus has become a crucial archive for understanding the first settlement of modern humans in inland Iberia and its relation to climate and environmental variability.
Peña Cabra rock shelter
The Peña Cabra rock shelter records a long sequence of Middle Palaeolithic occupations and a rich archaeological record of faunal and lithic assemblages. These show complex technological behaviors developed by Neandertals, such as microlithic productions by means of “micro” Levallois and ramified chaînes opératoires.
El Reno Cave
El Reno (the Reindeer in Spanish) is a cave located in the Upper Jarama River valley (Guadalajara) and hosts a relevant cluster of rock engravings and paintings of pre-Magdalenian style.